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School Counselors must abide by the ASCA Ethical Standards and ACA Code of Ethics, the 
laws and regulations of their state in which they practice, and federal laws. Understanding and
knowing these standards, laws, and regulations are imperative to a counselor’s practice
standards. This assignment helps you become familiar with the ethical decision-making model,
ASCA Ethical Standards/ACA Code of Ethics, state laws, regulations, and federal laws. You will
learn how to apply both ethical standards and laws to common ethical scenarios.
Step 1: Choose one watch item (A Helpful Receptionist or Can You be Liable) from the
assigned module to complete this assignment.
Step 2: Now that the scenario presented has happened to you, read the Practitioner’s Guide to
Ethical Decision-Making. Read each step carefully. For this assignment, pay specific
attention to steps 1-4 of the ethical decision-making model as this will become the
headings for your paper as outlined in step 4 below. Step into the shoes of the counselor
(as though you are the counselor in the scenario you watched).
Step 3: Read, the remaining assignment instructions in its entirety. Then, watch the selected
watch item again while taking copious notes to identify the problem.
Step 4: Divide your paper into the following required headings and answer the questions below
in 1st person:
Identify the problem
? Clearly state the facts of the scenario. Do not provide innuendos, assumptions,
hypotheses, or suspicions.
? Correctly and clearly identify the problem(s) in the scenario.
? Answer the questions: “Is this problem an ethical, legal, professional, clinical, or
technology problem? Is it a combination of more than one of these?
Page 2 of 3
Apply the ASCA Ethical Standards and ACA Code of Ethics
? Identify two to three applicable standards from the ASCA Ethical Standards and
ACA Code of Ethics. Which standards apply, or can address, the problem(s)
presented in the scenario?
? Make sure to cite the standard numbers and state how the standards apply to the
Applicable State Codes/Laws and Federal Mental Health Laws
? Which ethical codes from your state licensure laws, rules, or practice act apply to
this scenario?
? Correctly and clearly identify any Federal Mental Health Laws that apply to this
? Make sure to include the code number(s) and state how the code(s) apply to the
Determine the Nature and Dimensions of the Dilemma
? Identify which ACA moral principle(s) apply to this scenario. Autonomy,
beneficence, justice, nonmaleficence, fidelity, and/or veracity? How do the
identified principle(s) apply to the scenario?
? If more than one applies, determine which one is priority based on the problem
identified in the scenario.
? Review relevant professional literature from professional, refereed journals, related
to the identified problem and moral principle to find the most recent professional
thinking regarding the ethical dilemma. Materials must be outside of your
textbooks, course materials, and materials from other classes. You need at least 2
journal articles published in the last 5 years.
? Provide two experienced professional counselors (supervisors, peers, etc.) who
also abide by the ASCA Ethical Standards and ACA Code of Ethics and two state
and/or national professional counseling organizations you will consult to help you
with the dilemma.
Generate Potential course of action
? Brainstorm 3-4 potential courses of action to explain how you would address or
resolve the problem. Make sure this section is written in 1st person and fixes the
problem. You are not preventing the problem.
? For each potential action item, provide evidence from the literature to support your
decision. Do not state you will work through the ethical decision-making model as
this is the ethical decision-making model. You need at least 2 scholarly journal
articles published in the last 5 years.


COSC 501
Page 3 of 3
Note: Your assignment will be checked for originality via the Turnitin plagiarism 
Scenario 1
John is a counseling intern working for a high school in his local area. John has been interning
with the high school 7 months. He is particularly involved in co-leading two after school small
groups and has gotten to know many of the students well. One evening, while checking his
email, he notices a friend request for his personal social media account. John recognizes the
email as originating from Ben, one of the seniors in his group. John has enjoyed his interactions
with Ben, so he grants Ben his request. A few days later, Jeanne, another student from the high
school, emails John with her request to befriend John via social media. John does is not as fond
of Jeanne because she is often argumentative in group. John decides to deny the request,
explaining to Jeanne he does not befriend female students.
Scenario 2
A fourteen-year-old middle school student reports to you that Sarah, a counselee of your
colleague Mr. Barnes, is involved in Satanism and has entered a murder-suicide pact with
another student. You and Mr. Barnes call Sarah in and she vehemently denies the allegations and
even scoffs at the idea that she would ever be involved in a cult. You follow up with the other
student and she denies the allegations as well.
Scenario 3
Robin is a school counselor in a rural area in her state.  In fact she is the only elementary school
counselor in her entire county.  Because she lives in a small town rural area she knows many of
the parents of her students. She attends church with two parents and often sees another parent
each weekend at the local grocery store.  One Sunday, one of the parents approaches her and
informs her that she is planning to divorce her husband.  The parent shares that her husband has
been distant from her and that their oldest daughter, a 9 year old, is deathly afraid to be alone
with him.  She does not share any additional information, but asks Robin to ensure that he does
not pick the student up from school nor allow him access to her student records.

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