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 Psychotic disorders change one’s sense of reality and cause abnormal thinking and perception. Patients presenting with psychotic disorders may suffer from delusions or hallucinations or may display negative symptoms such as lack of emotion or withdrawal from social situations or relationships. Symptoms of medication-induced movement disorders can be mild or lethal and can include, for example, tremors, dystonic reactions, or serotonin syndrome. 


Required Readings

· Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2015). 
Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry (11th ed.). Wolters Kluwer. (For review as needed)


· Chapter 7, “Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders”

· Chapter 29.2, “Medication-Induced Movement Disorders”

· Chapter 29.3, “α2-Adrenergic Receptor Agonists, α1-Adrenergic Receptor Antagonists: Clonidine, Guanfacine, Prazosin, and Yohimbine”

· Thapar, A., Pine, D. S., Leckman, J. F., Scott, S., Snowling, M. J., & Taylor, E. A. (Eds.). (2015). 
Rutter’s child and adolescent psychiatry (6th ed.). Wiley Blackwell.  


· Chapter 43, “Pharmacological, Medically-Led and Related Disorders”

· Chapter 57, “Schizophrenia and Psychosis”

· Zakhari, R. (2021). 
The psychiatric-mental health nurse practitioner certification review manual. Springer Publishing Company.


· Chapter 9, “Psychotic Disorders and Delusions”


Plan: What is your plan for psychotherapy? What is your plan for treatment and management, including alternative therapies? Include pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments, alternative therapies, and follow-up parameters, as well as a rationale for this treatment and management plan. Also incorporate one health promotion activity and one patient education strategy.

Reflection notes: What would you do differently with this patient if you could conduct the session again? Discuss what your next intervention would be if you were able to follow up with this patient. Also include in your reflection a discussion related to legal/ethical considerations (demonstrate critical thinking beyond confidentiality and consent for treatment!), health promotion, and disease prevention, taking into consideration patient factors (such as age, ethnic group, etc.), PMH, and other risk factors (e.g., socioeconomic, cultural background, etc.).


DR. MOORE: Good afternoon. I’m Dr. Moore. Want to thank you for coming in for your appointment today. I’m going to be asking you some questions about your history and some symptoms. And to get started, I just want to ensure I have the right patient and chart. So can you tell me your name and your date of birth?

SHERMAN TREMAINE: I’m Sherman Tremaine, and Tremaine is my game game. My birthday is November 3, 1968.

DR. MOORE: Great. And can you tell me today’s date? Like the day of the week, and where we are today?

SHERMAN TREMAINE: Use any recent date, and any location is OK.

DR. MOORE: OK, Sherman. What about do you know what month this is?


DR. MOORE: And the day of the week?

SHERMAN TREMAINE: Oh, it’s a Wednesday or maybe a Thursday.

DR. MOORE: OK. And where are we today?

SHERMAN TREMAINE: I believe we’re in your office, Dr. Moore.

DR. MOORE: OK, great. So tell me a little bit about what brings you in today. What brings you here?

SHERMAN TREMAINE: Well, my sister made me come in. I was living with my mom, and she died. I was living, and not bothering anyone, and those people– those people, they just won’t leave me alone.

DR. MOORE: What people?

SHERMAN TREMAINE: The ones outside my window watching. They watch me. I can hear them, and I see their shadows. They think I don’t see them, but I do. The government sent them to watch me, so my taxes are high, so high in the sky. Do you see that bird?

DR. MOORE: Sherman, how long have you seen or heard these people?

SHERMAN TREMAINE: Oh, for weeks, weeks and weeks and weeks. Hear that– hear that heavy metal music? They want you to think it’s weak, but it’s heavy.

DR. MOORE: No, Sherman. I don’t see any birds or hear any music. Do you sleep well, Sherman?

SHERMAN TREMAINE: I try to but the voices are loud. They keep me up for days and days. I try to watch TV, but they watch me through the screen, and they come in and poison my food. I tricked them though. I tricked them. I locked everything up in the fridge. They aren’t getting in there. Can I smoke?

DR. MOORE: No, Sherman. There is no smoking here. How much do you usually smoke?

SHERMAN TREMAINE: Well, I smoke all day, all day. Three packs a day.

DR. MOORE: Three packs a day. OK. What about alc1ohol? When was your last drink?

SHERMAN TREMAINE: Oh, yesterday. My sister buys me a 12-pack,

and tells me to make it last until next week’s grocery run. I don’t go to the grocery store. They play too loud of the heavy metal music. They also follow me there.

DR. MOORE: What about marijuana?

SHERMAN TREMAINE: Yes, but not since my mom died three years ago.

DR. MOORE: Use any cocaine?

SHERMAN TREMAINE: No, no, no, no, no, no, no. No drugs ever, clever, ever.


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