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Assignment 2: Individual essay Individual essay: 60%Deadline: Sunday 2 April, 2022 11:45 AM•Choose one specific social issue you are interested in (relating to climate change, obesity,sustainability, working conditions / labour practices, zero hour contract, fast-fashion, corporate power of social media giants, environmental issues, poverty, migration, mass entrepreneurship,and infectious diseases etc)•Explain why you think the issue you chose is important•Explain the role of business in the issue you chose (i.e. what do you think is the responsibility of business in particular issue, and why),•On this basis critically assess what can and should be done about your issue, that is, how can or should we do business to address the issue and the challenges involved•Use 10 academic references at minimum to help build your case, evidenced by close reading, i.e.relevant arguments & quotes in support of your position & critical assessment.•The word length for this individual reflection is 1500 words maximum Assignment criteria Students should demonstrate a good understanding of what the role of business in society is. They shall demonstrate an understanding of the role of business in society, applying lesson theories and practices into their work. Students should attempt to apply a couple of academic references in their work. Students should be able to critically assess what can and should be done about social issue, that is, how can or should we do business to address the issue and the challenges involved

Retrieval/Resit Individual essay Write a 1500 word essay on a DIFFERENT ISSUE from the one you wrote on for your first essay assignment. A choice of issues will be provided (e.g. obesity, climate change, sustainability,working conditions / labor practices, corporate power of social media giants etc).1) Write down why you chose this issue, and what you know about it, from experience, or reading/hearing about it (no need for references); also, you may choose an issue that you don’t know much about, and you want to learn more about; if so, reflect on why you don’t know much about it.2) Based on a reading for the module-take a position on the role of business in society (i.e. what do you think is the responsibility of business in society, and why),-and on this basis critically assess what can and should be done about your issue, that is, how can or should we do business to address the issue and the challenges involved-using 10 academic references at minimum to help build your case, evidenced by close reading,i.e. relevant arguments & quotes in support of your position & critical assessment.Assignment criteria Students should demonstrate a good understanding of what the role of business in society is. They shall demonstrate an understanding of the role of business in society, applyin

Marking rubrics

A: -Excellent & exemplary explanation as to why you chose this issue: you identify and motivate the reason(s) why, which is clearly communicated.

-Includes knowledge content that demonstrates understanding of the issue, speculates insightfully why this is the case.

-Demonstrate full understanding of concepts/Coherent throughout the assignment/Demonstrate outstanding critical analysis/Great amount of literature and resource and data used

-Critical assessment about what can and should be done by multinational enterprises and explains logically how to address the issue and the challenges involved

B: -Good explanation about why you chose this issue, which is clearly communicated

-Includes knowledge content that demonstrates understanding of the issue, even if limited, speculates insightfully why this is the case/Good use of resources, data and literature

-Good referencing with some minor mistakes/Critical assessment needs improvement/the challenges mentioned but not enough explanation about how to address the issue

C: -Decent explanation as to why you this this issue, which is not clearly communicated

-Lacking in knowledge content, or lacking in insightful speculation

-Some points not fully support with data and evidence from sources/ Use of various sources needs improvement

-Less than 10 articles cited/Poor referencing/Lack of critical assessment

D: -Not enough or too many words

-Poor explanation/ Insufficient command of the material and task that does not warrant a pass/Unacceptable quality of work.

-Insufficient content or speculation/ Inadequate understanding of the concepts/Need for improvement of awareness of the appropriate material

-Assignment is frequently incoherent/The assignment needs to engage the material more critically.

– Less than 10 articles cited/Limited and poor use of various (credible) sources/Poor referencing and inconsistent

Full Terms & Conditions of access and use can be found at
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Business History

ISSN: 0007-6791 (Print) 1743-7938 (Online) Journal homepage: https://www.tandfonline.com/loi/fbsh20

The multinational enterprise and subsidiary
evolution: Scotland since 1945

Pavlos Dimitratos , Ioanna Liouka , Duncan Ross & Stephen Young

To cite this article: Pavlos Dimitratos , Ioanna Liouka , Duncan Ross & Stephen Young (2009)
The multinational enterprise and subsidiary evolution: Scotland since 1945, Business History, 51:3,
401-425, DOI: 10.1080/00076790902844013

To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.1080/00076790902844013

Published online: 08 Jun 2009.

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The multin

Journal of World Business 44 (2009) 180–191

Regional location of multinational corporation subsidiaries and
economic development contribution: Evidence from the UK

Pavlos Dimitratos a,b, Ioanna Liouka b, Stephen Young b,*
a Athens University of Economics and Business, Athens, Greece
b University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK

Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

Journal of World Business

journal homepage: www.e lsev ier .com/ locate / jwb

A R T I C L E I N F O

Keywords:

Multinational subsidiaries

Economic development

UK regions

International entrepreneurship

* Corresponding author at: CIER, Department of

versity of Glasgow, Gilbert Scott Building, West Quad

Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland, UK. Tel.: +44 0141 330

E-mail address: [email protected] (S. Young

1090-9516/$ – see front matter � 2008 Elsevier Inc

doi:10.1016/j.jwb.2008.05.007

A B S T R A C T

The regional location of multinational corporation (MNC) subsidiaries in their host

country and their associated entrepreneurial output and networking activities are likely

to affect their economic development contribution, measured in terms of technology and

management know-how transfers; enhancement of innovativeness of other firms; and

company spinoffs. This theme has considerable research and public policy value. We

investigate the issue drawing from a large-scale study of 264 MNC subsidiaries based in

the UK. The findings show that activities in developed regions are associated with higher

economic development contribution than those in less developed regions. Moreover,

entrepreneurial output and networking with partners external to the MNC system

positively affect economic development contribution. Key implications of this study are

that entrepreneurship critically influences economic development contribution, under-

lying the importance of the MNC subsidiary research stream; and that the policy practice

of supply-side measures fostering entrepreneurial output and embeddedness in local

networks seems to be appropriate to pursue.

� 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

1. Introduction

In this article, we investigate the effect of the regional
location, in which subsidiaries of multinational corpora-
tions (MNCs) are based, on economic development
contribution in their host country. Towards this goal, we
provide empirical evidence from a large-scale study in the
UK, distinguishing between developed and less developed
regions in this advanced economy. Moreover, we explore
the effects of entrepreneurial output and networking of
MNC subsidiaries on contribution

1

1

The perils of project-based work:

Attempting resistance to extreme work practices in video game development

Amanda Peticca-Harris, York University

Johanna Weststar, Western University

Steve McKenna, York University

A fully edited, peer-reviewed version of this article is available from Organization. Please cite

as follows:

Peticca-Harris, A, Weststar, J. and McKenna, S. (2015). The perils of project-based work:

Attempting resistance to extreme work practices in video game development.

Organization, 22(4): 570-587. DOI 10.1177/1350508415572509.

Abstract

This article examines two blogs written by the spouses of game developers about extreme

and exploitative working conditions in the video game industry and the associated reader

comments. The wives of these video game developers and members of the game community

decry these working conditions and challenge dominant ideologies about making games. This

article contributes to the work intensification literature by challenging the belief that long hours

are necessary and inevitable to make successful games, discussing the negative toll of extreme

work on workers and their families, and by highlighting that the project-based structure of game

development both creates extreme work conditions and inhibits resistance. It considers how

extreme work practices are legitimized through neo-normative control mechanisms made

possible through project-based work structures and the perceived imperative of a race or ‘crunch’

to meet project deadlines. The findings show that neo-normative control mechanisms create an

insularity within project teams and can make it difficult for workers to resist their own extreme

working conditions, and at times to even understand them as extreme.

Keywords: extreme work, project-based work, viedo game development, work-life

balance, normative control

2

2

Introduction

The global video game industry is booming. Successful games are highly lucrative, with

examples such as Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3, grossing more than US$775 million in its

first week on the market (Rose, 2011). High-profile successes along with a culture of fun,

innovation and creativity generate an industry stereotype that suggests that video game

developers get paid to play (de Peuter and Dyer-Witheford, 2005; Deuze, Martin and Allen,

2007). This stereotype overshadows a different reality; the game industry is faced with intense

and extreme working conditions.

This paper highlights the ‘dark side’ of the game industry by examini

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International Journal of Human Resource Management

ISSN: 0958-5192 (Print) 1466-4399 (Online) Journal homepage: https://www.tandfonline.com/loi/rijh20

Transfer of HRM practices across cultures: An
American company in Scotland

Monir Tayeb

To cite this article: Monir Tayeb (1998) Transfer of HRM practices across cultures: An American
company in Scotland, International Journal of Human Resource Management, 9:2, 332-358, DOI:
10.1080/095851998341125

To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.1080/095851998341125

Published online: 18 Feb 2011.

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Article views: 1823

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Transfer of HRM practices across
cultures: An American company in
Scotland

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