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Worksheet #4

Covering Weeks 10 – 12

60 Points Possible – 10 points per question.

Instructions: Answer each question (and each part of the question) thoroughly and completely. You MUST use and cite an appropriate reading (or episode in this week) for each question. Use the reading that we read for that particular week. Please refer to the lecture for the week and use what you learned to answer the question. I would suggest a 250-300-word answer for each question. Remember, these worksheets are the bulk of your grade.

1. Gina Lombroso-Ferrero (who represents the Modern or Positive school) gives credit to Beccaria but points out that she believes in something quite different. According to her, what mistake(s) does Beccaria (and other Classical thinkers) make about the understanding of the criminal?

2. Look at the photographs in Riis’s book. While some were staged by Riis, what do these photos have in common? Why were they so powerful in changing people’s minds about crime and poverty?

3. What were some of the arguments that were used for prohibition? Was there a religious/ethnic consideration to outlawing alcohol? Do you think prohibition was targeted for urban or rural environments? Why?

4. Kooistra argues that social bandits appear under certain conditions – widespread depression or national crises – and the heroic narrative emerges when a large number of people feel “outside the law” or feel the law unjust. Do you agree with this? Why or why not? Can you apply this theory to events in our time? (Current event?)

5. How did J. Edgar Hoover shape the Federal Bureau of Investigation? How was he responsible for the growing power of the federal justice system?

6. How did law enforcement adapt to organized crime in Las Vegas? Meaning, how did they change their enforcement of a legal business (gambling) when the mob began making money in Las Vegas. Make sure to give specific examples.

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